Те, кто продолжает настаивать на сводимости биологии к динамике движения вещества, не понимают самого главного.
Комментарий Upright Biped.
Reading some of the papers listed, leading to papers not listed, I am struck by the use of the word “mark”.
With discrete objects described as “marks”, we can understand the functioning of these systems. Without them, we would only measure and describe the dynamics of the system (using language and descriptions we already have) but we would understand nothing else.
How appropriate that an abstract concept is at the very center of our descriptions and understandings; an organizational utility used to specify something among alternatives, a control.
It’s interesting that the parts of system that must be recorded in our descriptions (in order for those descriptions to be useful to us) are the teleological and the irreducible. Materialists just can’t catch a break.